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INT+ WCRC - September 10, 2015 - 0 comments



The Kaira District Cooperative Milk Producers’ Union Limited, Anand, Gujarat, popularly known as “Amul Dairy”, is a dairy Cooperative. Amul spurred India’s White Revolution which made the country the world’s largest producer of milk and milk products.In the process, Amul became the largest food brand in India and has ventured into markets overseas. Amul began its journey in 1946 and has inspired the nation in the Dairy Cooperative Movement to put India as the largest milk producing nation in the world. The brand “Amul” is known worldwide today and, in India, it is a household name.


  • $ 574 – sales turnover 2013-14
  • 1.8 million litres – daily average milk collection
  • 1206 – Number of Village Dairy Cooperative Societies

Amul grew from strength to strength, thanks to the inspired leadership of Tribhuvandas Patel, the founder chairman, and the committed professionalism of Dr Verghese Kurien who was entrusted with the task of running the dairy from 1950. In 1965, the National Dairy Development Board was set up with the basic objective of replicating the Amul model. Dr Kurien was chosen to head the institution as its chairman and asked to replicate this model throughout the country.
Today Amul is a symbol of high-quality products sold at reasonable prices, of the genesis of a vast cooperative network, of the triumph of indigenous technology, of the marketing savvyness of a farmers’ organisation and of a proven model for dairy development.
The Amul model has helped India to emerge as the largest milk producer in the world. More than 15 million milk producers pour their milk in 1,44,500 dairy cooperative societies across the country. Their milk is processed in 184 District Cooperative Unions and marketed by 22 State Marketing Federations, ensuring a better life for millions.
The Amul Model is a three-tier cooperative structure. This structure consists of a dairy cooperative society at the village level affiliated to a milk union at the district level which, in turn, is federated into a milk federation at the state level. Milk is collected at the village dairy society. It is procured and processed at the District Milk Union. Milk and dairy products are marketed by the state milk federation. The structure was evolved at Amul in Gujarat and thereafter replicated all over the country under the Operation Flood programme. It is known as the ‘Amul Model’ or ‘Anand Pattern’ of dairy cooperatives.
Amul received the CII National Award for Food Safety 2013 for its Outstanding Performance in Dairy Sector Manufacturing, Large Food Business Category. Besides adhering to global standards and Indian regulations on food safety, the model takes into account assessment of social compliance and organisational improvement initiatives. India’s largest food products marketing organisation, Amul, is a symbol of a vast cooperative network’s success. It is a beloved brand for millions of consumers around the world

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